In grammar, parallelism, also known as parallel structure or parallel construction, is a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure. The application of parallelism improves writing style and readability, and is thought to make sentences easier to process.
Parallelism is often achieved using antithesis, anaphora, asyndeton, climax, epistrophe, and symploce. This method adds balance, symmetry and rhythm to sentences giving ideas a smoother flow and thus can be persuasive because of the repetition it employs. For example, "People exercise because they want to look healthy, because they need to increase stamina, or because they hope to live longer." In this example 'because they' is parallel in structure and similar in importance to 'people'. The use of parallel structures in speech or writing allows speakers and readers to maintain a consistency within their work and creating a balanced flow. Examples of parallelism often found in written works include:
-Like father, like son
-Easy come, easy go
-To err is human; to forgive divine., Alexander Pope
Parallelism refers to using elements in sentences that are grammatically similar or identical in structure, sound, meaning, or meter. This technique adds symmetry, effectiveness and balance to the written piece.
"Ask not what your country can do for you...ask yourself what you can do for your country."